Service

Contraception

There are many different contraceptive methods available and different methods suit people at different times of their lives. How effective any contraceptive is depends on how carefully and consistently you use the method. This basic information will give you and your partner a start towards deciding on the method of contraception most suited to you both. Staff at MSV clinics can discuss your options with you in more detail.

Marie Stopes Vietnam provides reproductive health and family planning services in a professional, friendly, non-judgmental and confidential environment.

Call our Client Care Centre at 1900 55 88 82 for information and booking.

Condoms
A sheath of latex or plastic worn over the penis to prevent sperm ejaculating into the vagina to prevent pregnancy or the transmission of disease.
Helps protect against STIs and HIV / AIDS.
98% effective if used correctly.

The Combined Pill

One pill consisting of two hormones (oestrogen and progestogen) taken daily (at the same time). Prevents eggs being released from the ovaries.
No protection against HIV / AIDS.
99% effective if taken correctly (if more than 3 hours late, extra precautions are required).

Progestogen Only Pill

One pill consisting of one hormone (progestogen) taken daily (at the same time). Prevents sperm reaching egg. For older women, those breast feeding or those who can’t take the combined pill.
No protection against HIV / AIDS.
98% effective if taken properly (if more than 3 hours late, extra precautions are required).

Contraception Injection
3 monthly injection of one hormone (progestogen). Prevents ovulation and sperm reaching egg.
No protection against HIV / AIDS.
99% effective

Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)
The IUD is a form of long-acting reversible contraception for women. A small plastic and copper device that is inserted into the womb by a specially trained doctor or nurse. It has one or two soft threads on the end. These thin threads hang through the opening at the entrance of the womb into the top of the vagina. Prevents egg and sperm from meeting.
No protection against HIV / AIDS.
98 – 99% effective

Implant
The implant is a form of long-acting reversible contraception for women. The contraceptive implant inserted under the skin of the arm.

Contraceptive implants are small rods about the size of a matchstick which are put under the skin in the inside of your arm. They slowly release a hormone called progestogen.

Implants last either three or five years depending whether there are one or two rods. Implants can stop the body from releasing an egg each month. They also thicken the mucus in the cervix so sperm cannot travel up to meet an egg.

Implants are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. This means only a few women out of a thousand will get pregnant each year.

Permanent methods of contraception

For women
Tubal sterilisation is a permanent form of birth control for women. It is an operation to block the Fallopian tubes so that the sperm cannot travel up to meet the ovum (egg) and begin a pregnancy. The egg is still released from the ovary but it is harmlessly absorbed by the body.

Marie Stopes uses the 'mini-laparotomy technique' performed under local anaesthetic. One or two 1cm incisions are made in the abdomen, one at the navel and one below the pubic hairline. The tubes are closed off by simply cutting and tying. All women of reproductive age who do not want to have any more children, may qualify for the operation, but they have to understand that it is an irreversible, permanent method of contraception.

The operation can be successfully and safely performed under local anaesthetic, which makes it much more affordable, while at the same time avoiding the risks associated with general anaesthetic.  The whole process including counseling and recovery only takes two to three hours, which means a woman can be back at work the next day if required. The procedure itself, normally takes less than 12 minutes.

The period immediately after delivery or abortion is a convenient and safe time for a sterilisation, although counseling during pregnancy is of vital importance to avoid regrets later on.

Periods and menopause (change of life) are not affected by the operation. It also has no direct effect on sexual intercourse or sexual feelings. Some women enjoy lovemaking more when they are not afraid of getting pregnant.

For men
Vasectomy is the name given to surgical sterilisation of the male. It is an operation that prevents sperm travelling out of the testes (balls) and into the semen (the fluid ejaculated). If there are no sperm in the semen it is impossible to make a woman pregnant.

The operation does not involve removing the testicles and will not affect a man's ability to produce semen. It will not change a man's sexual function or male characteristics. A man is still able to enjoy sex, and ejaculation feels the same. The only difference will be that the semen will not contain sperm.

Vasectomy is a permanent form of contraception, which is not easily reversed if a man changes his mind. He should feel sure that he does not want to father a child in the future, even if circumstances change. Although it is sometimes possible to reverse a vasectomy there is still no guarantee that a man will be able to father a child after reversal.

Emergency Contraceptive Pill
In case of having sex without protection, you could consider this pill as an emergency contraceptive to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It helps to prevent a fertilised egg implanting itself in the uterus lining if taken no more than 72 hours after unprotected sex.
No protection against HIV / AIDS.
95% effective if taken up to 24 hours after sex

Marie Stopes Vietnam provides reproductive health and family planning services in a professional, friendly, non-judgmental and confidential environment.

Call our Client Care Centre at 1900 55 88 82 for information and booking.
 

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